carolina horse nettle uses

All recreational use of these herbs is dangerous. Herbs are broad-leaved, herbaceous (non-woody) plant. Avoid including the mature plants in hay, silage or green chop. Using this photo This photo and associated text may not be used except with express written permission from Dean Kelch. Plant Search > Carolina Horse Nettle Carolina Horse Nettle (Solanum carolinense) About Carolina Horse Nettle. The clustered flowers are pale violet to white and give rise to spherical fruit. Carolina horse nettle has large spines on the stems and leaves. It is a lavender to purple flower with stamens that look like a … The berries and the root are anodyne, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac and diuretic. See Adverse Effects. References Lewis RA. Tweet; Description: Member of nightshade family not a true nettle. Solanum species show a wide range of growing … Plant database entry for Horse Nettle (Solanum carolinense) with 15 images, 2 comments, and 39 data details. Folk medicine and lore worldwide attributes the powers of protection and fertility to this incredible plant. All recreational use of these herbs is dangerous. Horse-nettle Scouting and Prevention: Horsenettle has an erect stem that stands about 60 to 100 cm tall with a few branches that are covered with tiny hairs at the top of the plant. It grows 1 to 3 feet high. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. Carolina Horse Nettle. Horse nettle is poisonous to horses in fresh or dried form, as it contains highly toxic alkaloids, the most meaningful being solanine. Horse nettle is spreading in my flower garden. All the flowers in this post were found while hiking the trails of Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge, located in … Do not ingest these herbs based on information on this website. Grazon P+D is a restricted-use herbicide. The signs may include: Anorexia; Depression; Excess salivation; Diarrhea or constipation; Trembling; Weakness; Colic. The reason for the question was, apparently a friend of this person bought some really clean hay, fed it to their horses… Horse nettle has been used as an antispasmodic and sedative, most probably first by American Indians. Tweet; Description: Found amongst trees, high grass. Carolina Horse Nettle. The fruit is poisonous to livestock. Information on this website is for educational purposes only. Because of the intense competition among plants and their root systems, this plant is less aggressive in prairie habitats than in disturbed sites around developed areas. : 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah, 04 - Blackland Prairies, 07 - Edwards Plateau. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant.It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. Carolina Horse Nettle Wildflower - Solanum carolinense. Adjacent to 10 acres. Many herbs historically used for medicine are considered too toxic to use today; some of these herbs have caused deaths. Solanine is a glycoalkaloid that affects the horse's central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. Arco Publishing Company, Inc., New York, 1977. They have been recommended in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis and other convulsive disorders[4, 207]. The fruit is about › inch in diameter; it is green with light green vertical bands until maturity, when it becomes uniformly yellow. Carolina horse nettle has large spines on the stems and leaves. We have not provided sufficient information for the safe medicinal use of any of these herbs, nor sufficient information for treatment of poisoning. The glycoalkaloids act on the digestive system to cause excessive salivation, colic and diarrhea or … No edible properties. Newcomb L. Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide. Horse nettle, like many plants in the nightshade family, contains solanine, a glycoalkaloid that irritates the oral and gastric mucosa and affects the autonomic nervous system, which controls various internal organs. And indeed, stinging nettle leaf uses are many and plentiful, offering a wonderful herbal resource for families. Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), also known as Bull nettle, Carolina horse nettle, Horse nettle, Apple of Sodom, Radical Weed, Sand Brier and, Tread-softly, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Horse nettle, which also goes by the formal name of Solanum carolinense, is a perennial weed that grows in tall, vertical stalks that can reach up to 4 feet tall. All branches and stems are sharp, hard and have 5 mm long spikes. Adverse EffectsHorse nettle contains solanine, a toxic alkaloid. Horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), a poisonous member of the nightshade family, is one of the most difficult weeds to eradicate since it resists most attempts at control.Tilling the soil only makes it worse because it brings seeds to the surface where they can germinate. Flame weeding doesn’t kill the weed either … Once the central nervous system is affected, your horse may experience permanent side effects. They have been used in the … American Indians used leaf tea   sore throats or to treat worms; a topical preparation of leaves was used for poison-ivy rash (Foster 1990). Carolina horse nettle is a coarse, branching, warm-season perennial in the Nightshade family. CAROLINA HORSE NETTLE: (Solanum carolinense). However, quail, prairie chickens and wild turkeys consume the mature fruit and seeds. Almost every animal species has been poisoned by nightshade, but S. carolinense is probably mostly responsible for cases involving cattle and horses. Carolina horse nettle. Chemical control strategies may be warranted in fields or pastures infested with dense populations. The star-shaped hair and seeds of this plant are readily identifiable in the gastrointestinal contents of acutely poisoned animals by microscopic techniques. It is thought the glycoalkaloids are responsible for the clinical signs associated with the gastrointestinal tract, and the alkaloids are associated with the signs in the central nervous system. Book: Brush and Weeds of Texas Rangelands (B-6208), Toxic Plants of Texas (B-6105), Collection: Brush and Weeds, Toxics, Wild Flowers, Web Site Maintenance: Megan.Clayton@ag.tamu.edu, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement. I clip off the yellow berries when they appear and try to pull out plants, but they break off and roots remain in the ground. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, native to the southeastern United States that has spread widely throughout much of temperate North America. Disclaimer Information on this website is for educational purposes only. The comment was, how soon do you spray before you cut the hay? Stinging Nettle Leaf Uses “When in doubt, use nettles!” This saying is popular among herbalists and attests to the power of nettles to impart vibrancy and as an herbal … Plant Names (Nomenclature) Lewis’ Dictionary of Toxicology. You can also view a clickable map. Horse nettle stands one to four feet high and is seen in the summer and fall (Newcomb 1977). This is a wildflower growing in Morgan County Alabama USA that is called by several names, Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil`s Tomato, and Solanum carolinense. Nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhea, weakness, respiratory depression; may be fatal. Apply 0.6 to 0.9 pound a.i./acre of Grazon P+D® as a broadcast treatment or a 1 percent solution as an individual plant treatment when plants begin to flower in the spring. ... Solanum carolinense L. – Carolina horsenettle Subordinate Taxa. Download preview. Carolina horsenettle. Nettle has long been recognized for its bounty of nutrition as well as its sting. Hay and silage containing the mature plants have been associated with poisoning and deaths. Carolina Horse-Nettle is a pretty white flower, but its berries are poisonous to humans and livestock. Royalty-Free Stock Photo. It has also been found in parts of Europe, Asia, and Australia. 1 Species ID Suggestions +2. Horse Nettle Herbicides w/o Residuals - posted in Weed and Pest Management: Got a horse customer that relayed a story to me the other day out of concern that I use herbicides on my Timothy hay. Do not ingest these herbs based on information on this website. Boca Raton, Florida, 1998:960-961. Current Medicinal UsesHorse nettle is not commonly used medicinally today. Horse Nettle, Solanum carolinense, here is a common plant that can be found in your garden but beware the tomato-like berries are poisonous. They have been used in the treatment of epilepsy[207, 222]. African Americans in the South once usedthe root and berries for seizures and menstrual problems (Le Strange 1977). Stem Texture: Prickly, Spiny, or Thorny, Leaf Shape Its leaves are coarsely toothed or lobed. Symptoms of poisoning include fever, headache, a scratchy feeling in the throat followed by nause, vomiting, and diarrhea. Solanum carolinense; Carolina Horse-nettle (view details) Contributors • Log In . This member of the tomato or nightshade family (Solanaceae) is native to eastern North America but has spread to other locations. Plant management is an ideal form of prevention of Carolina horsenettle poisoning. Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), also known as Bull nettle, Carolina horse nettle, Horse nettle, Apple of Sodom, Radical Weed, Sand Brier and, Tread-softly, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family.It is known for producing painful spines along the stems that penetrate the skin and … Horse nettle is a nightshade. Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1977. Stinging nettle is among these green friends. It is known for producing painful spines along the stems that penetrate the skin and … Primary noxious weed Nevada. : Simple with Pinnate or Parallel Venation, Distribution Nettle (stinging nettle)- Urtica Dioica. It is known for producing painful spines along the stems that penetrate the skin and … University of Georgia Press., Athens. Horses generally won't eat this plant unless they have nothing else to eat. The stamens form a yellow cone in the middle of the flower. What Horsenettle Looks Like Herbaceous plants are also known as forbs or wildflowers . The berries should be harvested when … On the underside are microscopic, star-shaped hairs. This plant grows across the eastern part of Texas and the entire eastern half of the United States. Scott Frazier 6 years ago. DescriptionHorse nettle, a prickly plant, has violet, star-shaped flowers in small clusters. Horse nettle berries were also once used as a topical treatment for mange in dogs. Carolina horse nettle, bull nettle Solanum carolinense US Wildflower - Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil's Tomato - Solanum carolinense. Solanum carolinense. Herb: Horse Nettle Latin name: Solanum carolinense Family: Solanaceae (Nightshade Family, Potato Family) Medicinal use of Horse Nettle: This plant should be used with caution, see the notes above on toxicity. ... horse nettle. Ingestion of the unripe fruit causes abdominal pain and can cause circulatory and respiratory depression (Lewis 1998). If you know you have this plant in your field, you may need to buy clean hay to prevent your horse from ingesting it. Carolina Horse Nettle is a Herb. University of Tennessee research has shown that the optimum time for application of these herbicides is at the flowering stage, prior to formation of berries. All parts of horse nettle are poisonous, and ingestion of the fruit can cause death. Horse nettle has been used as an antispasmodic and sedative, most probably first by American Indians. Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. Habitat: 10 Acres, in overgrown area, with trees, bushes, tall grass, and natural water feature several feet away. Horse nettle, Carolina horse nettle, bull nettle Botanic Name Solanum carolinense Plant Family Solanaceae (potato family) Habitat Perennial weed of disturbed soils and unused areas along roads and field edges especially of the southern States. We have not provided sufficient information for the safe medicinal use of any of these herbs, nor sufficient information for treatment of poisoning. 1 Species ID Suggestions +1. Carolina horse nettle is not a palatable plant, and consumption by animals should not be forced. Many herbs historically used for medicine are considered too toxic to use today; some of these herbs have caused deaths. It grows 1 to 3 feet high. Horse Nettle is widely regarded as a weed, with some justication, but it is also one of the native wildflowers of the prairie. Because of its many spines, the forage value of Carolina horse nettle is poor for wildlife and livestock. Each of its mostly oval leaves has several large teeth or shallow lobes on both sides. Solanum carolinense, the Carolina horsenettle, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Be sure to thoroughly read the herbicide label prior to application. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. Lewis Publishers (an imprint of CRC Press). This is a wildflower growing in Morgan County Alabama USA that is called by several names, Carolina Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Devil`s Tomato, and Solanum carolinense. The stalk and leaves of the weed are covered with tiny thorns, and each stalk produces a white-colored, star-shaped flower in the spring. Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), also known as Bull nettle, Carolina horse nettle, Horse nettle, Apple of Sodom, Radical Weed, Sand Brier and, Tread-softly, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Carolina horse nettle is a coarse, branching, warm-season perennial in the Nightshade family. Notes: Thanks for the ID dferris1! The toxicity may depend upon the maturity of the plants, because more toxins are present in the fruits than in the leaves. As in all noxious nightshades, the fruits of Carolina Horse-nettle contain solanine glycoalkaloids that cause severe gastrointestinal distress in humans. It is found mostly in sandy soils in fields, open woodlands and waste places. Each of its mostly oval leaves has several large teeth or shallow lobes on both sides. Le Strange, R. A History of Herbal Plants. The fruits are benefical to wildlife. Nightshades contain glycoalkaloids, which are broken down in the body to sugars and alkaloids. Such spines, which are also characteristic of the true nettles (Urticaceae), give Horse-nettle its name; the "horse" part indicates the plant often grows in pastures. On the underside are microscopic, star-shaped hairs. Wildflowers of Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge / July 9, 2019 by Todd Henson. Can be used as a treatment for poison ivy, sore throat and more. Rangeland, Wildlife, and Fisheries Management. Solanum carolinense. Grazon P+D (picloram + 2,4-D) in approved counties. 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